Native American Legends
The Creation Story
An Iroquois Legend
In the beginning, the world was not as we know it now. It was a
water world inhabited only by animals and creatures of the air who
could survive without land.
Up above, the Sky World was quite different. Human-type beings
lived there with infinite types of plants and animals to enjoy.
In the Sky World, there was a Tree of Life that was very special
to the people of the Sky World. They knew that it grew at the entrance
to the world below and forbade anyone to tamper with the Tree. One
woman who was soon to give birth was curious about the Tree and
convinced her brother to uproot the Tree.
Beneath the Tree was a great hole. The woman peered from the edge
into the hole and suddenly fell off the edge. As she was falling
she grasped at the edge and clutched in her hand some of the earth
from the Sky World. As she fell, the birds of the world below were
disturbed and alerted to her distress. The birds responded and gathered
a great many of their kind to break her fall and cradle her to the
back of a great sea turtle. The creatures of the water believed
that she needed land to live on, so they set about to collect some
for her. They dove to the great depths of the world's oceans to
gather earth to make her a place to live. Many of the animals tried
to gather the earth from the ocean floor, only the muskrat was successful.
With only a small bit of earth brought onto turtle's back from his
small paws, Turtle Island began to grow.
The Sky Woman soon gave birth to a daughter on Turtle Island. The
daughter grew fast. There were no man-beings on Turtle Island, but
a being known as the West Wind married the daughter of Sky Woman.
Soon the daughter of Sky Woman gave birth to Twins. One was born
the natural way, and he was called the Right-Handed Twin. The other
was born in a way that caused the death of the mother. He was called
the Left-Handed Twin. When their mother died, their grandmother,
Sky Woman, placed the fistful of earth that she grasped from the
edge of the Sky World, and placed it on her daughter's grave. The
earth carried special seeds from the Sky World that were nourished
by the earth over her daughter. So from the body of her daughter
came the Sacred Tobacco, Strawberry and Sweetgrass. We call these
Kionhekwa. The Life Givers.
The Right and Left-Handed Twins were endowed with special creative
powers. The Right-Handed Twin created gentle hills, beautiful smelling
flowers, quiet brooks, butterflies and numerous creatures, plants
and earth formations. His brother the Left-Handed Twin made snakes,
thorns on rose bushes, thunder and lightning and other more disturbing
attributes of today's world. Together, they created man and his
many attributes. The Right-Handed Twin believed in diplomacy and
conflict resolution. The Left-Handed Twin believed in conflict as
resolution. They were very different, but all that they created
is an integral part of this Earth's Creation.
Their Grandmother, Sky Woman, now came to the end of her life.
When she died, the Twins fought over her body and pulled it apart,
throwing her head into the sky. As part of the Sky World, there
her head remained to shine upon the world as Grandmother Moon. The
Twins could not live together without fighting. They agreed to dwell
in different realms of the earth. The Right-Handed Twin continued
to live in the daylight and the Left-Handed Twin became a dweller
of the night. Both of them continue their special duties to their
Mother the Earth.
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