Native American Legends
Iya, The Camp Eater
A Lakota Legend
From the tall grass came the voice of a crying babe. The huntsmen
who were passing nigh heard and halted. The tallest one among them
hastened toward the high grass with long, cautious strides. He waded
through the growth of green with just a head above it all.
Suddenly exclaiming "Hunhe!" he dropped out of sight.
In another instant he held up in both his hands a tiny little baby,
wrapped in soft brown buckskins.
"Oh ho, a wood-child!" cried the men, for they were hunting
along the wooded river bottom where this babe was found. While the
hunters were questioning whether or no they should carry it home,
the wee Indian baby kept up his little howl.
"His voice is strong!" said one.
"At times it sounds like an old man's voice!" whispered
a superstitious fellow, who feared some bad spirit hid in the small
child to cheat them by and by.
"Let us take it to our wise chieftain," at length they
said; and the moment they started toward the camp ground the strange
wood-child ceased to cry.
Beside the chieftain's tipi waited the hunters while the tall man
entered with the child.
"Hau! hau!" nodded the kind-faced chieftain, listening
to the queer story. Then rising, he took the infant in his strong
arms; gently he laid the black-eyed babe in his daughter's lap.
"This is to be your little son!" said he, smiling.
"Yes, father," she replied. Pleased with the child, she
smoothed the long black hair fringing his round brown face.
"Tell the people that I give a feast and dance this day for
the naming of my daughter's little son," bade the chieftain.
In the meanwhile among the men waiting by the entrance way, one
said in a low voice: "I have heard that bad spirits come as
little children into a camp which they mean to destroy."
"No! no! Let us not be overcautious. It would be cowardly
to leave a baby in the wild wood where prowl the hungry wolves!"
answered an elderly man.
The tall man now came out of the chieftain's tipi. With a word
he sent them to their dwellings half running with joy. "A feast!
a dance for the naming of the chieftain's grandchild!" cried
he in a loud voice to the village people.
"What? what?" asked they in great surprise, holding a
hand to the ear to catch the words of the crier. There was a momentary
silence among the people while they listened to the ringing voice
of the man walking in the center ground.
Then broke forth a rippling, laughing babble among the cone-shaped
tipi's. All were glad to hear of the chieftain's grandson. They
were happy to attend the feast and dance for its naming. With excited
fingers they twisted their hair into glossy braids and painted their
cheeks with bright red paint.
To and fro hurried the women, handsome in their gala-day dress.
Men in loose deerskins, with long tinkling metal fringes, strode
in small numbers toward the center of the round camp ground. Here
underneath a temporary shade-house of green leaves they were to
dance and feast.
The children in deerskins and paints, just like their elders, were
jolly little men and women. Beside their eager parents they skipped
along toward the green dance house. Here seated in a large circle,
the people were assembled, the proud chieftain rose with the little
baby in his arms. The noisy hum of voices was hushed. Not a tinkling
of a metal fringe broke the silence.
The crier came forward to greet the chieftain, then bent attentively
over the small babe, listening to the words of the chieftain. When
he paused the crier spoke aloud to the people: "This woodland
child is adopted by the chieftain's eldest daughter. His name is
Chaske. He wears the title of the eldest son. In honor of Chaske
the chieftain gives this feast and dance! These are the words of
him you see holding a baby in his arms."
"Yes! Yes! Hinnu! How!" came from the circle.
At once the drummers beat softly and slowly their drum while the
chosen singers hummed together to find the common pitch. The beat
of the drum grew louder and faster. The singers burst forth in a
Then the drumbeats subsided and faintly marked the rhythm of the
singing. Here and there bounced up men and women, both young and
old. They danced and sang with merry light hearts.
Then came the hour of feasting. Late into the night the air of
the camp ground was alive with the laughing voices of women and
the singing in unison of young men.
Within her father's tipi sat the chieftain's daughter. Proud of
her little one, she watched over him asleep in her lap. Gradually
a deep quiet stole over the camp ground, as one by one the people
fell into pleasant dreams.
Now all the village was still.
Alone sat the beautiful young mother watching the babe in her lap,
asleep with a gaping little mouth. Amid the quiet of the night,
her ear heard the far-off hum of many voices. The faint sound of
murmuring people was in the air. Upward she glanced at the smoke
hole of the wigwam and saw a bright star peeping down upon her.
"Spirits in the air above?" she wondered. Yet there was
no sign to tell her of their nearness.
The fine small sound of voices grew larger and nearer. "Father!
rise! I hear the coming of some tribe. Hostile or friendly--I cannot
tell. Rise and see!" whispered the young woman.
"Yes, my daughter!" answered the chieftain, springing
to his feet. Though asleep, his ear was ever alert. Thus rushing
out into the open, he listened for strange sounds. With an eagle
eye he scanned the camp ground for some sign. Returning he said:
"My daughter, I hear nothing and see no sign of evil nigh."
"Oh! the sound of many voices comes up from the earth about
me!" exclaimed the young mother. Bending low over her babe
she gave ear to the ground. Horrified was she to find the mysterious
sound came out of the open mouth of her sleeping child!
"Why so unlike other babes!" she cried within her heart
as she slipped him gently from her lap to the ground. "Mother,
listen and tell me if this child is an evil spirit come to destroy
our camp!" she whispered loud.
Placing an ear close to the open baby mouth, the chieftain and
his wife, each in turn heard the voices of a great camp. The singing
of men and women, the beating of the drum, the rattling of deer-hoofs
strung like bells on a string, these were the sounds they heard.
"We must go away," said the chieftain, leading them into
the night. Out in the open he whispered to the frightened young
woman: "Iya, the camp-eater, has come in the guise of a babe.
Had you gone to sleep, he would have jumped out into his own shape
and would have devoured our camp. He is a giant with spindling legs.
He cannot fight, for he cannot run. He is powerful only in the night
with his tricks. We are safe as soon as day breaks."
Then moving closer to the woman, he whispered: "If he wakes
now, he will swallow the whole tribe with one hideous gulp! Come,
we must flee with our people." Thus creeping from tipi to tipi
a secret alarm signal was given. At midnight the tipi's were gone
and there was left no sign of the village shave heaps of dead ashes.
So quietly had the people folded their wigwams and bundled their
tent poles that they slipped away unheard by the sleeping Iya babe.
When the morning sun arose, the babe awoke.
Seeing himself deserted, he threw off his baby form in a hot rage.
Wearing his own ugly shape, his huge body toppled to and fro, from
side to side, on a pair of thin legs far too small for their burden.
Though with every move he came dangerously nigh to falling, he followed
in the trail of the fleeing people.
"I shall eat you in the sight of a noon-day sun!" cried
Iya in his vain rage, when he spied them encamped beyond a river.
By some unknown cunning he swam the river and sought his way toward
"Hin! hin!" he grunted and growled. With perspiration
beading his brow he strove to wiggle his slender legs beneath his
"Ha! ha!" laughed all the village people to see Iya made
foolish with anger. "Such spindle legs cannot stand to fight
by daylight!" shouted the brave ones who were terror-struck
the night before by the name "Iya."
Warriors with long knives rushed forth and slew the camp-eater.
Lo! there rose out of the giant a whole Indian tribe: their camp
ground, their tipi's in a large circle, and the people laughing
"We are glad to be free!" said these strange people.
Thus Iya was killed; and no more are the camp grounds in danger
of being swallowed up in a single night.
Native American Legends
Back to Top
Other Native American Legends