Native American Legends
How the World was made
A Cherokee Legend
The Earth is a great island floating in a sea of water, and suspended
at each of the four cardinal points by a cord hanging down from
the sky vault, which is of solid rock.
When the world grows old and worn out, the people will die and
the cords will break and let the Earth sink down into the ocean,
and all will be water again. The Indians are afraid of this.
When all was water, the animals were above in Gälûñ'lätï,
beyond the arch; but it was very much crowded, and they were wanting
more room. They wondered what was below the water, and at last Dâyuni'sï,
"Beaver's Grandchild," the little Water-beetle, offered
to go and see if it could learn. It darted in every direction over
the surface of the water, but could find no firm place to rest.
Then it dived to the bottom and came up with some soft mud, which
began to grow and spread on every side until it became the island
which we call the Earth. It was afterward fastened to the sky with
four cords, but no one remembers who did this.
At first the Earth was flat and very soft and wet. The animals
were anxious to get down, and sent out different birds to see if
it was yet dry, but they found no place to alight and came back
again to Gälûñ'lätï. At last it seemed
to be time, and they sent out the Buzzard and told him to go and
make ready for them. This was the Great Buzzard, the father of all
the buzzards we see now. He flew all over the Earth, low down near
the ground, and it was still soft.
When he reached the Cherokee country, he was very tired, and his
wings began to flap and strike the ground, and wherever they struck
the Earth there was a valley, and where they turned up again there
was a mountain. When the animals above saw this, they were afraid
that the whole world would be mountains, so they called him back,
but the Cherokee country remains full of mountains to this day.
When the Earth was dry and the animals came down, it was still
dark, so they got the sun and set it in a track to go every day
across the island from east to west, just overhead. It was too hot
this way, and Tsiska'gïlï', the Red Crawfish, had his
shell scorched a bright red, so that his meat was spoiled; and the
Cherokee do not eat it.
The conjurers put the sun another hand-breadth higher in the air,
but it was still too hot. They raised it another time, and another,
until it was seven hand-breadths high and just under the sky arch.
Then it was right, and they left it so. This is why the conjurers
call the highest place Gûlkwâ'gine Di'gälûñ'lätiyûñ',
"the seventh height," because it is seven hand-breadths
above the Earth. Every day the sun goes along under this arch, and
returns at night on the upper side to the starting place.
There is another world under this, and it is like ours in everything--animals,
plants, and people--save that the seasons are different. The streams
that come down from the mountains are the trails by which we reach
this underworld, and the springs at their heads are the doorways
by which we enter, it, but to do this one must fast and, go to water
and have one of the underground people for a guide. We know that
the seasons in the underworld are different from ours, because the
water in the springs is always warmer in winter and cooler in summer
than the outer air.
When the animals and plants were first made--we do not know by
whom-- they were told to watch and keep awake for seven nights,
just as young men now fast and keep awake when they pray to their
medicine. They tried to do this, and nearly all were awake through
the first night, but the next night several dropped off to sleep,
and the third night others were asleep, and then others, until,
on the seventh night, of all the animals only the owl, the panther,
and one or two more were still awake.
To these were given the power to see and to go about in the dark,
and to make prey of the birds and animals which must sleep at night.
Of the trees only the cedar, the pine, the spruce, the holly, and
the laurel were awake to the end, and to them it was given to be
always green and to be greatest for medicine, but to the others
it was said: "Because you have not endured to the end you shall
lose your, hair every winter."
Men came after the animals and plants. At first there were only
a brother and sister until he struck her with a fish and told her
to multiply, and so it was. In seven days a child was born to her,
and thereafter every seven days another, and they increased very
fast until there was danger that the world could not keep them.
Then it was made that a woman should have only one child in a year,
and it has been so ever since.
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